Drawing the hands right is essential for a good-looking fashion sketch and illustration. This step by step tutorial will help you understand the basics of drawing hands and will show you how to create unique and interesting hands positions for your models. Follow the steps and say goodbye to drawing the hands behind the back once and for all!
Step 1: Wrist and hand base
From the “How to draw arms” tutorial you already know how to reach to the point of the wrist. Indicate it by drawing a horizontal ellipse and right underneath place a trapezoid for the palm.
The size of the trapezoid is about half of the face length.
Make sure that the palm shape is greater in length,than in width – hands in fashion sketches are long and delicate.
Step 2: The thumb
Draw a guideline for the thumb. This line should start a bit below the top of the trapezoid and end below its base. Try not to draw the thumb too close or too far away from the palm.
Step 3: Big knuckles
Transform the palm base: lift the corner next to the thumb down and the corner away from the thumb up.
Draw 4 circles over then new line to indicate the knuckles. They should fill the palm width from one end to another.
Step 4: Fingers guideline
To mark the fingers draw inverted trapezoid under the knuckles. This one should be the same size and the palm, but the bottom end will be heavily bended (almost like a triangle).
Step 5: Middle knuckles
Starting from the big knuckles draw 4 straight lines to mark the fingers. Make sure they fit in the narrowed trapezoid shape and that the little finger is shorter than the index finger. The middle finger should be the longest one.
Find the half way of the finger lines and draw 4 circles to indicate the middle knuckles. Note that they are not aligned, but rather placed on a curve.
Step 6: Draw the fingertips
The fingertips are one of the most tricky parts of drawing the hands. Make sure that they look like the letter “U” and are not spiky or too thin.
The same applies for the thumb.
Double check if all the fingers are with different lengths and the thumb reaches just below the big knuckles.
Mark the half of the distance between the fingertips and the middle knuckles. This is the place for the little knuckles.
Step 7: Finish the outlines
Now it’s time to finish the outlines of the hand. One of the things you should keep in mind is to stop the line every time you reach a knuckle (even the little knuckles that we marked only via a curved line).
Also it is important to draw the joint between the fingers nicely curved, not pointy. This joint is right next to the big knuckles.
Step 8: Details
Erase all the unnecessary lines and add the details. Hint ever so slightly the knuckles with short lines and draw the nails.
Note that only half of the thumb fingernail is visible, because it’s twisted to the side. Always mind the little gap between the finger outlines and the nails (check Common mistakes below)
Hopefully this tutorial succeeded to give you a better understanding of how to draw hands and their structure. Now you can play and draw different hands angles and positions and make your fashion sketches really stand out!
It doesn’t look right! Common mistakes:
Error 1: Make sure the fingertips are not too pointy. Nor should be the place where fingers meet – at the big knuckles.
Error 2: The fingers are all the same length and it looks like Mcikey Mouse hand. The middle finger should be the longest one and the pinkie- shorter than the index finger.
Error 3: Drawing a simple arch isn’t enough to mark the nails. Leave a tiny bit of space between the finger outlines and the nail, so that it looks more natural.
Now that you understood the structure of the hand let’s have some fun with different hand poses that will work nicely for fashion sketches:
1.You can tilt the palm and the fingers in all the directions you like.
2. Try to bend the fingers in the middle knuckle.
3. Cut the trapezoids in half and you can easily create side view for your model’s hand.
4. Feel free to separate the little finger from the rest. It looks elegant and very fashion.
5. Drawing the hands on the waist is no longer a problem. The index is pointing up, while the rest of the fingers are resting. Be careful with the proportions between the fingers.